After tying the knot for several years, many couples find that they are still a couple without a newborn baby. If you have tried many ways to get pregnant and all of them end up with failure, you may consider taking fertility drugs. There are fertility drugs for women and men. The following discussion will focus on the options of drugs, which the women can take to boost fertility. Such drugs have been around for more than 50 years in the United States. Therefore, the options vary greatly.
Options of Fertility Drugs for Women
The health experts believe that boosting fertility is easier in women that it is in men. Therefore, the options of fertility drugs for women are more varied than those for men. However, taking fertility drugs is only recommended after you consult your doctor. The following are the most common drugs prescribed to promote egg production in women as recommended in Healthline:
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
This is a hormone produced naturally by your body. When a woman is positively pregnant, the hormone is found in her urine, which the test pack easily detects. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) hormone works in two ways in women’s body:
- Promoting a follicle in one of women’s ovary to release mature egg
- Promoting women’s ovaries to produce hormone progesterone, which work to prepare uterus for gestation
The drug form of the hormone is usually taken with human menopausal gonadotropin or clomiphene. However, the drug only works in women, who have functional ovaries. It does not work in women with dysfunctional or failed ovaries.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
This hormone is also naturally produced by women’s body. It promotes maturity of the eggs in ovaries and promotes the formation of a follicle around the egg. The drug form of the hormone is usually used to promote ovulation. This drug is also used for women with functioning ovaries but the eggs do not mature properly. As with hCG, this is not recommended for women with dysfunctional ovaries. The FSH drug is usually given when hCG treatment does not work.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)
This is a combined preparation of two hormones, namely LH and FSH. The drug form of the hormone is recommended for women with healthy ovaries, but facing a problem with egg development. The drug is usually administered through subcutaneous injection. Right now, only a single brand has the authority to produce it in the United States.
The drug is basically a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), which works to stimulate the pituitary gland that produces FSH. The drug is usually administered for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or other problems related to ovulation. It is mostly available as oral medicine as a generic drug.
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Antagonists
The drugs are usually administered using a controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) technique. The GnRH is usually given to treat fertility problems and to suppress the production of FSH and LH hormones. The drugs work to prevent spontaneous ovulation. Too early release of the eggs can make the ovulation fail. Administering fertility drugs for women aims at promoting the egg maturity in a proper way.
If you have a problem with fertility, the best thing to do before taking one of the fertility drugs for women is talking with your doctor. The doctor can suggest the best medication that may overcome your problem.