People in modern era have had more knowledge about eating disorder compared to several decades ago, but this condition is still often misunderstood. Eating disorder is more than just a condition where “young girls don’t eat because they want to be thin.” This condition has more detailed aspects, with various types, symptoms and risk factors. Knowing about more detailed facts of eating disorder will help you and your loved ones avoid the risks, in order to develop healthy eating habit.
Common Eating Disorder Types
Eating disorder is not a condition that specifically happens to young women or teenage girls. People from all genders, ages, races and backgrounds can develop this condition, although women have slightly higher possibilities than men to be diagnosed. Although this is technically a mental disorder, your physical aspects are profoundly affected. The symptoms are also varied, because eating disorder falls into different categories.
Here are common types of eating disorder you need to know:
This eating disorder makes the sufferer restricts the intake of food, resulting in extreme underweight body and other related physical symptoms. This disorder roots from twisted body image and unrealistic fear of weight gain. Anorexia can be detected in anyone: from 6 year-old kids to elderly people, from men to women.
The specific characteristic of people with Bulimia Nervosa is binge eating episodes that are followed by vomiting, in order to remove the calorie that enters the body. However, people with Bulimia are not always vomiting their foods. They can do other things to remove the consumed calorie, such as using laxative, extreme fasting, or excessive exercise.
Binge Eating Disorder.
Binge Eating Disorder is a condition in which a person eats a lot of foods and feels that he/she is losing control at the same time. This can happen to everyone, but people with already overweight body often get late treatment, because they are afraid or embarrassed of the stigma.
Other Specified Feeding and Eating Disorder.
There are other types of eating disorder, but if they do not fall into the previous three categories, they are lumped into Other Specified Feeding and Eating Disorder (OSFED).
There are various risk factors that can affect someone’s prognosis. For example, there is stigma in the society that eating disorders only affect young Caucasian woman, or that they only happen to middle-high class people. This can make men, people of color, and people from lower class families feel embarrassed or ashamed of telling somebody that they have eating disorders. Other overlooked eating disorder fact is that transgender people are in high risk, because of the combination between social stigma and fear of judgment can make them late in getting proper diagnosis and treatment.
Eating disorder is not something that affects certain part of demographic; it can affect people of all genders, races, age groups, and socio-economic backgrounds. However, some people do have higher risk factors than others because of various factors, such as society stigma, fear of judgment, and misunderstanding about how eating disorder actually works.
If you suspect that someone you love has eating disorder, or if you realize you have the symptoms, make sure to look for professional help, since it can have long-term effects.