Among several types of skin cancer, melanoma makes top list of the most dangerous one with the highest victims around the world. Statistic shows that one person dies of melanoma every hour, and it responsible for the death of more than 9000 people in 2015 predictably. Melanoma may not the most common type of skin cancer (it accounts less than 2% – 1.9% in exact), but it is the most common cause of death for people with skin cancer. The interesting part is, melanoma affects men more than women, particularly adolescences at the age between 15 to 29. The prevalence shows that men at the age 15-39 are more prone to be exposed to melanoma than women in the same group of age.
What are the Risk Factors of Melanoma Skin Cancer?
Due to its dangerous nature, knowing the risk factors of melanoma skin cancer will definitely help you in determining treatment to cure it for good. We know that male are more likely to develop melanoma in their life, but it depends on various other factors including hormone and lifestyle. Below are some risk factors of melanoma you should be aware of:
- Heavy UV Exposure
Prolonged exposure of UV lights is the biggest risk of developing melanoma skin cancer, because the UV ray can damage the DNA of the skin, and prevent healthy skin cell growth. Some research also show that melanoma starts in certain body parts including face, neck, arms, and feet, in which those areas are exposed to the UV rays more often. Not only the UV rays generated from the sun, people who undergo tanning often also have higher risk of developing melanoma.
- Fairer Skin Tone
People with lighter skin tone are more prone to be affected by melanoma compared to those with darker skin. It is because the people have less melanin in their skin, which also means that you have less protection from the dangerous UV radiation. However, it doesn’t mean that people with darker skin tone cannot develop melanoma, only that light-colored skin tone, eyes, hair are more prone to sunburn.
- Genetic Factor
Your chance of developing melanoma skin cancer is getting higher particularly when you have family history with melanoma, and it happens in 10% of the overall cases. The hormonal factor may be inherited from light skin, certain gene, prolonged exposure to sunrays, or combination of other factors. Another thing is, when you are exposed to melanoma once in your live there is 5% possibility of you to have it again in the future, so it is crucial to remove the cancerous cells entirely.
- People with Moles
Moles are also known as benign tumor, and they contribute to the development of melanoma at some point in your life. Particularly when you have many moles or when you spot any mole growth, or when you suddenly have notice spot in your face that you didn’t have before, it is best to look for medical examination to ensure that it is not cancer.
Risk factors of melanoma skin cancer are various, and people with weakened immune system are also have great risk of developing cancerous cell in their skin. This disease may also appear as treatment or medication side effect.